Hazardous materials

The term hazardous materials is applied to all substances and objects whose transport may represent a potential threat to the environment, humans, animals and public safety and order. The transportation of hazardous materials is therefore subject to various legal regulations depending on the mode of transport. The regulations concerning classification for the relevant mode of transport determine whether a substance or object is a hazardous material. Differences are made between the following modes of transport:

  • Road (ADR)
  • Rail (RID)
  • Inland waterway (ADN))
  • Ocean (IMDG Code)
  • Air (IATA-DGR

Efforts aimed at harmonization mean that the regulations governing classification for the various modes of transport are being brought into line. However, differences still exist.

ADR/RID divides hazardous materials in to 13 categories of dangerous goods:

ClassClass description
1Explosive materials and objects
3Flammable liquids
4.1Flammable solids
4.2Spontaneously combustible solids
4.3Substances that emit a flammable gas when wet or react violently with water
5.1Inflammatory (oxidizing) agents
5.2Organic peroxides
6.1Poisonous substances
6.2Biohazardous substances
7Radioactive substances
8Corrosive substances
9Miscellaneous substances and objects

ADR = European agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road (ADR = Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises Dangereuses par Route)

ADN = European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterway (ADN = Accord européen relatif au transport international des merchandises dangereuses par voie de navigation intérieure)

IATA-DGR = International aviation treaty agency - dangerous goods regulations (ICAO - International civil aviation organization

IMDG = International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMO -International maritime organization)

RID = Convention concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by rail

USE OF COOKIES:  Cookies contain a characteristic string that allows the browser to be uniquely identified when the website is accessed again. We use cookies to collect anonymized statistical data to optimize the website function and thus improve your user experience. Please agree to the use of cookies. For more information, please see our privacy policy.


These cookies are absolutely necessary for the operation of the site, because they enable, for example, security-related functionalities such as saving the settings made here. (Legal basis: fulfillment of contract and, if applicable, legitimate interest)

NameCookie Settings
ProviderEigentümer dieser Website
PurposeSpeichert die Einstellungen des Besucher, die in der Cookie Box ausgewählt wurden.
Data privacyauf dieser Website
Cookie namecookie_settings
Cookie storage30 Tage


You benefit from these cookies when visiting our website. Above all, they make it easier for you to use the site, for example by providing personalized content and offers. In order to further improve our offer for you, we collect anonymized data for statistics and analysis. With the help of these cookies, we can, for example, determine the number of visitors and the effect of certain pages of our website and optimize our content. (Legal basis: consent)

NameGoogle Analytics
ProviderGoogle LLC
PurposeCookie from Google for website analytics. Generates statistical data about how the visitor uses the website
Data privacy
Cookie name _ga, _ga_JSBPXQH17Z, _gid, _gcl_au, _gcl_aw, NID, DSID, IDE
Cookie storage14 months

External media

You benefit from these cookies when using external media such as Vimeo on our site. Preceding notices when calling up external media are deactivated for you. (Legal basis: consent)

NameVimeo, Inc
PurposeCookie from Vimeo to store the usage history of users.
Data privacy
Cookie name vuid
Cookie storage2 years

Only necessarySettingsSave selectionAccept all